TSF FAILURE BIBLIOGRAPHY: A Compilation Including Local & Regional Analysis of Consequence of Failure

This bibliography is from a draft paper (Bowker Chambers(2015)) examining the consequence of TSF Failures globally 1910 to 2010 and exploring he relationship between global economics and failure over time.   The bibliography itself is a major contribution to the understanding of TSF Failures because of its emphasis on consequence to affected communities and regions.   It also provides insights to the events leading up to failure that are not accounted for in legal and regulatory framework for mining nor in the usual dam committee reports which focus on causes of failure.  So in that sense this unique bibliography opens the door to causes and consequences not commonly part of the conversation on tailings failures.

It is our intent that this bibliography of consequence and economic causes of TSF failures grow over time both in further development of our work  and through the contributions of our colleagues and readers here for Bowker Associates ( lindsaynewlandbowker@gmail.com) and at Center for Science in Public Participation( http://www.csp2.org dchambers@csp2.org)

Bowker Associates has taken the unusual step of releasing our bibliography in advance of publication & release of our paper because tailings failures are so much in the fore of public discussion as are a result of Mt. Polley an den  bibliographies of relevant work are so complete.

Bowker.Lindsay Newland, Chambers David M (draft).The Risk Public Liability & Economics of Tailings Storage Facility Failures to be released June 2015


Advani 2011.  Advani, Sameer  “Real Historical Copper Price”, May 30,2011, Sameer Advani’s Instablog http://seekingalpha.com/instablog/946411-sameer-advani/182708-real-historical-copper-price

Azam & Li 2010.  Azam, Shahid Li, Quiran “Tailings Dam Failures: A Review of the Last 100 Years”, Geotechnical News December 2010 http://www.infomine.com/library/publications/docs/Azam2010.pdf

Bertram 2010.  Bertram, Geoff “Mining Economics & The Conservation Estate” Royal Forest & Bird Protection Society of New Zealand Inc., September 2010 accessed November 2014 http://www.geoffbertram.com/fileadmin/Mining%20Economics%20and%20the%20Conservation%20Estate%20main%20text.pdf

Boswell & Sobkowicz 2011.  Boswell, Jeremy, Sobkowicz, John  “Duty Of Care Applied To Tailings Operations”, Proceeding Tailings & Mine Waster, Vancouver B.C. Nov 6-9 2011 http://www.infomine.com/library/publications/docs/Boswell2011.pdf

BCMM 2013.  British Columbia Ministry of Mines “ Provincial Summary Exploration and Mining In British Columbia 2013” http://www.empr.gov.bc.ca/Mining/Geoscience/PublicationsCatalogue/InformationCirculars/Documents/IC_2014-01.pdf

BCOAG 2011.  British Columbia, Office of the Auditor General “An Audit of the Enviornmnetal Assessments Office Oversight  of Certified Projects, July 2011 http://www.bcauditor.com/pubs/2011/report4/audit-bc-environmental-assessment-office-EAO

Caldwell 2006.  Caldwell,Jack “British Columbia Tailings Failure at The  HB Mine Near Salmo, British Columbia”, TechnoMine July 6, 2006 http://technology.infomine.com/articles/1/8455/tailings.failure.canada/british.columbia.tailings.aspx

COAG 2014.  Canada, Office of the Auditor General “Implementation of the Canadian Environmental Assessment Act, 2012, 2014 Fall Report of the Commissioner of Environment and Sustainable Development http://www.oag-bvg.gc.ca/internet/English/parl_cesd_201410_04_e_39851.html

Chambers & Higman 2011.  Chambers, David M.,  Higman, Bretwood ”Long Term Risks Of Tailings Dam Failure,”  October 2001, accessed November 2014 at http://www.csp2.org/technical-reports

Davies et. al. 2002.  Davies, Michael, Martin,Todd  and Peter Lighthall  “Mine Tailings Dams: When Things Go Wrong,” AGRA Earth & Environmental Limited, Burnaby, BC 2002 http://www.infomine.com/library/publications/docs/Davies2002d.pdf

Davies & Martin 2009.  Davies, Michael,   Martin,Todd  “Mining Market Cycles and Tailings Dam Incidents,” AMEC Earth & Environmental, Vancouver, British Columbia, Proceeding of the Thirteenth International Conference on Tailings and Mine Waste, November 1, 2009, Banff, Alberta, Canada accessed November 2014 at http://www.infomine.com/library/publications/docs/Davies2009.pdf

EGN 2014.  Ecology Global Network “Population Estimates: Year 1 to 2050”  accessed November 2014 at http://www.ecology.com/population-estimates-year-2050/

ICMM 2012.  International Council on Mining & Metals, “Trends in the Mining & Metals Industry” Mining’s Contribution To Sustainable Development October 2012.  Accessed November 2014 at http://www.icmm.com/document/4441 M

ICOLD 1995.  International Commission on Large Dams, “Dam Failures Statistical Analysis,” Bulletin 99, 1995

ICOLD 2001.  International Commission on Large Dams and the United Nations Environmental Programme (UNEP) Division of Technology, Industry and Economics (DTIE), “Tailings Dams Risks of Dangerous Occurrences Lessons Learned From Practical Experiences,” Bulletin 121, 2001

ICSG 2014.  International Copper Study Group, Copper production statistics, November 13, 2014.

IFC 2003.  Striking a Better Balance, the World Bank Group and Extractive Industries, the Final Report of the Extractive Industries Review, International Finance Corporation, December 2003

Independent Panel 2015.  Report on Mount Polley Tailings Storage Facility Breach, Independent Expert Engineering Investigation and Review Panel, Province of British Columbia, January 30, 2015

Jakubekl et. al. 2013.  Jakubekl, Jaret ,  Clayon, Russel, Guest Alan R., “Mudrush Risk Evaluation” CIM Journal 2013 accessed November 2014 at http://www.srk.com/files/pdfs/mudrushriskevaluation_paper_cim_journal_fnl_20130322_jj.pdfailings

Jones 2014.  Jones, Sam Jordan, Editor/Compiler “Global Mining Finance Guide 2014” Aspermont Media 2013 accessed November 2014 at http://www.mayerbrown.com/files/Publication/3e2dc5e3-878a-40a2-8b06-cb75f8d632ba/Presentation/PublicationAttachment/86b233d1-beb2-4f47-9b85-cd4793b90b92/global_mining_finance_guide_jan14.PDF

Kelly & Matos 2013.  Kelly, T.D., and Matos, G.R., comps., 2013, Historical statistics for mineral and material commodities in the United States (2013 version): U.S. Geological Survey Data Series 140, accessed November 2014, at http://minerals.usgs.gov/minerals/pubs/historical-statistics/.

Knight Piesold 2011.  Knight Piesold Ltd., Mount Polley Mining Corporation Mt Polley Mine Storage Facility Report of 2010 Annual Inspection”, Prepared for Mt. Polley Mining Corporation, January 25, 2011 http://www.scribd.com/doc/241108453/Mount-Polley-Mine-Tailings-Storage-Facility-Report-on-2010-annual-inspection-by-Knight-Piesold

Kossoff et. al. 2014.  Kossoff, D. Dubbin, W.E.Porter, Edwards, S.J. , Macklin, M.G., Hudson Edwards, K.A.  “Mine Tailings Dams: Characteristics, Failure, Environmental Impacts, and Remediation”, Applied Geochemistry  V.51, 2014 PP 229-245  accessed November 2014 at http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apgeochem.2014.09.010

Porter & Beliwas 2003.  Porter,Kenneth E., Beliwas ,Donald I., Physical Aspects Of Waste Storage From a Hypothetical Open Pit Porphyrry Operation, U.S. Department of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey, 2003, accessed November 2014 at http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2003/of03-143/of03-143.pdf

Repetto 2014.  Repetto, Robert “Silence is Golden, Leaden and Copper Disclosure of Material Environmental Information in the Hardrock Mining Industry” Yale School Of Forestry & Environmental Studies, July 2004 accessed November 2014 at http://environment.research.yale.edu/documents/downloads/o-u/repetto_report_execsum.pdf

Rico et al. 2007.  Rico, M., Benito, G., Díez-Herrero, A. “Floods From Tailings Dam Failures” Geological Hazards Unit, Spanish Geological Survey (IGME), Madrid, Spain, October 2, 2007 http://digital.csic.es/bitstream/10261/12706/3/MayteRico_10.pdf

Rico et al. 2008.  Rico, M. Benito, G., Salgueriro, A. Diez-Herrero, A. & Pereira, H.G. Reported Tailings Dam Failures: A review of the European Incidents in the Worldwide Context, Journal of Hazardous Materials 152 (2008), pp. 846–852, http://digital.csic.es/bitstream/10261/12716/3/MayteRico_08.pdf

Robertson 2011.  “Mine Waste Management in the 21st Century Challenges & Solutions Beyond Incremental Changes” Andrew Macgregor Robertson, Key Note Address Tailings & Mine Waste, Vancouver B.C., 2011, http://www.infomine.com/library/publications/docs/Robertson2011c.pdf

Samis et. al. 2012.   Samis, M., Martinez, L., Davis, G. A., and Whyte, J. B., “Using Dynamic Discounted Cash Flow and Real Option Methods for Economic Analysis in NI 43-101 Technical Reports.” in the Valmin Seminar Series 2011-12 Proceedings, The Australian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy, Publication Series No 3/2012, 149-160 accessed December 2014 at http://inside.mines.edu/~gdavis/Papers/ValMin.pdf

Schodde 2010.  Schodde, Richard “The Key Drivers Behind Resource Growth: An Analysis of the Copper Industry For the Last 100 Years”, Mine EX Consulting, 2010 MEMS Conference Minerals and Metals  Over the Long Term, Phoenix Arizona, March 3, 2010 .  http://www.slideshare.net/RichardSchodde/growth-factors-for-copper-schodde-sme-mems-march-2010-final

Stano 2011.  Stano, Maya “Rave Mine: A Regulatory & Fiscal Black Hole” Environmental Law Centre, Spring 2011 http://www.elc.uvic.ca/publications/documents/2010-02-03-RavenMine-RegulatoryandFiscalBlackhole_Stano-REVISEDJul2011.pdf

Troncosco et. al. 1993.  Troncosco, J.H. , Avendano, A. Vergara, A. “The Seismic Failure of Barahona Tailings Dam” Procedings: 3rd International Conference on Case Histories in Geotechnical Engineering, St. Louis, Missouri, June 1-4, 1993, Paper # 2.56, Accessed November 2014 at  https://mospace.umsystem.edu/xmlui/bitstream/handle/10355/33917/P%201473-%20The%20Seismic%20Failure%20of%20Barahona%20Tailings%20Dam.pdf?sequence=1

USGS 2014a.  U.S. Geological Survey “Historical Statistics for Mineral and Material Commodities in the United States” Thomas D. Kelly and Grecia R. Matos, with major contributions provided by David A. Buckingham, Carl A. DiFrancesco, Kenneth E. Porter, and USGS mineral commodity specialists.    Data Series 140, April 2014. Accessed November 2014 at http://minerals.usgs.gov/minerals/pubs/historical-statistics/#copper

USGS 2014b.  U.S. Geological Survey “Iron Ore Statistics” Compiled by T.D. Kelly (retired), W.S. Kirk (retired), J.D. Jorgenson (retired), and C.A. Tuck. Data Series 140 2014   Accessed November 2014  at http://minerals.usgs.gov/minerals/pubs/historical-statistics/#copper

USGS 2014c.  U.S. Geological Survey “Zinc Statistics” April 2014 Compiled By DiFranceso, C.A.  Plachy, J., Gabby P.N., Bleiwas,D.I., Tolcin, A.C. Data Series 140 April 2014 http://minerals.usgs.gov/minerals/pubs/historical-statistics/#copper

Utah 2011.  State of Utah, “Groundwater Quality Discharge Permit UGW350011 Kennecott Utah Copper, Magna Utah, January 2011,  Accessed November 2014 at http://www.waterquality.utah.gov/GroundWater/gwpermits/kennecott-tailings/kennecott-tailingsSOB.pdf

Valero et. al. 2011.  Valero, Alicia, Valero, Antonio and Domiguez, Adriana “Trends of Energy Costs and Ore Grade in Global Mining”, Centre Of Research Energy Resources & Consumption ( CIRCE), Spain, 2011, Accessed November 2014 at http://teide.cps.unizar.es:8080/pub/publicir.nsf/codigospub/0751/$FILE/cp0751.pdf

Vick 1996.  Vick, Steven G. Failure of the Omai Storage Dam Geotechnical News, September 1996, Accessed November 2014 at https://ejatlas.s3.amazonaws.com/docs/omai-gold-mine-tailings-dam-guyana/Failure_of_the_Omai_Tailings_Dam.pdf

Vogt 2013.  Vogt, Craig, International Assessment of Marine & Riverine Disposal of MineTailings Final Report Adopted By The International Maritime Organization, London Convention.Protocol, October 18, 2013 http://www.craigvogt.com/links/Mine_Tailings_Marine_and_Riverine_Disposal.pdf

Wei et. al. 2012.  Wei, Zuan, Yin, Guangszhi, Wang J.G, Ling, Wan, Guangzhi, Li  “Design Construction and Management of Tailings Storage Facilities For Surface Disposal In China: Case Studies of Failures” Waste Management An Research Vol 31 p 106-112 Sage Publications October 11,2012 http://wmr.sagepub.com/content/31/1/106.full.pdf+html

WISE 2014.  World Information Service on Energy Uranium Project, Chronology of Major Tailings Dam Failures, from 1960, updated 16 Nov 2014, http://www.wise-uranium.org/mdaf.html

Witt & Schonhardt 2004.  Witt, K.J. Schonhardt M. Editors  Tailings Management Facilities, Risk &Reliability, TAILSAFE September 2004 http://www.tailsafe.bam.de/pdf-documents/TAILSAFE_Risk_and_Reliability.pdf

World Bank 2006.  World Bank Group, Oil Gas  Mining & Chemicals Group, Background Paper The Outlook For Metals Markets Prepared For G-20 Deputies Meeting Sydney 2006,  September 2006 http://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTOGMC/Resources/outlook_for_metals_market.pdf


About lindsaynewlandbowker

Bowker Associates, Science & Research In The Public Interest, is an independent non profit providing self initiated pro bono analysis on key issues with a potential for massive adverse environmental impact . Bowker Associates has been an internationally recognized and cited voice in analysis of the Samarco failure, its consequence, and the possibilties for recovery. In 2015 Bowker Associates collaborated with globally respected geophysicist David M. Chambers to recompile global authoritative accounts of significant TSF failures in recorded history and to analyze these data in the context of gloal mining economics 1910-2010 ( Risk, Economics and Public Liability of TSF Failures, Bowker/Chambers July 2015) In 2014 Bowker Associates commissioned globally respected geophysicist and hydrogeologist Dr. David Chambers to undertake two technical works: (1) development of technical go no go criteria for vetting mine applications tp://lindsaynewlandbowker.wordpress.com/2014/01/05/a-new-statutory-regulatory-framework-for-responble-sulfide-mining-should-this-mine-be-built/ and (2) a case study of Maine's Bald Mountain, an un mined low grade high risk VMS deposit demonstrating the efficacy and accuracy of two risk assessment tools in vetting mine proposals https://lindsaynewlandbowker.wordpress.com/2014/02/28/mountain-x-would-you-issue-a-permit-to-this-mine/ In Maine, Bowker Associates has deeply engaged and been a public voice in the Searsport DCP LPG Tank, The Cianbro proposal for a Private East West Toll Road, JD Irvings rolling pipeline of Bakken crude to its plant in St. John and review of Phase II plans at The Callahan Superfund site in Brooksville, Maine, and Maine's revisitation of mining in statute and regulation... Our only “client”: is always “the pubic interest”. Our model is to focus on only one or two issues at a time so that we have a substantive command of the relevant field as our foundation for ongoing engagement. Our core work is in envirommental risk management, science and technology as well as bringing any available “best practices” models to the fore. The legal and regulatory history/best models are also a major thrust of our work in building and evaluating public policy. Director/Principal Lindsay Newland Bowker, CPCU, ARM is a recognized expert in Environmental Risk Management., Heavy Construction Risk Management and Marine and Transit Risks and has more than 3 decades of engagement in buiding public policy. Appointed by Governor Mario Cuomo to New York State Banking Board (served 1986-1996); President New York Chapter Chartered Property and Casualty Insurers; Environmental Committee, Risk and Insurance Management Society; Director, Convenor/Co-Chair Bermuda Market Briefing "From Captive to Cats" Hamilton Bermuda. Published Articles of Significance The Risk Economics and Public Liability of Tailings Facility Failures, co-authored with David M. Chambers, July 2015 Beyond. Polarization: Superfund Reform in Perspective, Risk & Insurance Managing Risk For Loss Prevention & Cost Control (Jan. 24, 1997). Lead Hazards and Abatement Technologies in Construction: A Risk Management Approach CPCU Journal 1997 Employee Leasing: Liability in Limbo Risk Management June 1 1997 Environmental Audit Privilege and the Public interest Risk & Insurance Managing Risk For Loss Prevention & Cost Control, April 1997 Asbestos:Holes In Abatement Policies Need To Be Plugged, Lloyd’s Environmental Risk International, May 1993 Editor Published Letters Evironmental Risk Management Beware of Facile Policies Like Fetal Protection Business Insurance 1995(?) High Court Review May Increase Sale of Bank Annuities Business Insurances August 8, 1995 Professional Profiles Protecting the Big Apple’s Core Managing Risk For Loss Prevention & Control December 1996 Major Career Highlights First rigorous analysis showing Relationship Between declining ore grades and TSF Failures of increasing consequence ( July 2015) FIrst Documentation that Gentrification Has Same Impacts as Unassisted Displacement from Urban Renewal Sites Direted Court Ordered EIS of FHA Mortgage Scandal Created Nation's First Homeownership Program for Low Income People (SHIP) Created Earliest Geographic Information Systems Using Defense Technology Developed By IBM Designed and Conducted Parallel Census Count to Show Systematic undercount in minority neighborhoods Documented Bias in ISO Territory Rating Plans for Private Passenger Auto Insurance Using ISO's own Rating Techniques Demonstrated Inherent Bias in Mortgage Policies of Banks With Inner City Branches Demonstrated that NY Telephones Plan for Area Code Split To accommodate anticipated cell phone demand was not efficient and would exhaust in 5 years ( which it did) Undertook First Systematic Evaluation of Child Protective Services Caseload Using Multi Variate Analyic Techniques Developed Child Protective Caseload Management and Tracking System (CANTS) and directed implementation in 4 client states including Illinois, Florida and New York Created and Ran Office of Risk Management for NYC DEP the Nations largest Water & Sewer Authority . Designed, Created and Administered Nation's First Owner Controlled Insurance Program (OCIP)for High Risk Tunneling Education Masters NYU Graduate School of Public Administration BSC New School For Social Research Maine Public Schools Deering High School
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