The Responsible Mining Foundation has just released its Responsible Mining Index 2018  after two years in development with extensive informed rounds of multi stakeholder comment. Rating the 30 largest mining companies worldwide responsible for 700 mining operations and undertaking a close examination of 127 mine sites in countries with significant income inequality, the results are sobering and disappointing for an industry that has long insisted on self-regulation.  Ultimately the index reflects a prevalent inadequacy of minerals resource governance in responsibly sourcing the minerals the world needs.  The purpose of the foundation and the index is not to berate but to encourage. It provides an authoritatively vetted map of what constitutes “responsible mining” and what standards can be applied to assessing a company’s practice with reference to those standards.  To the end of encouraging the index brings forward the unique company created initiatives which best illustrate policy harnessed to action.

These two aspects of the work are its greatest contributions to the pursuit of “Responsible Mining” as the shared global standard for all mining.

The foundation has just announced that the index s available in 6 languages Bahasa Indonesia, Chinese, French, Russian and Spanish as well as English.

The different language versions of the RMI 2018 website can be accessed using the following links:

The RMI 2018 summary report is downloadable at:



Where other codes articulate a range of standards, the RMF code emphasizes the measurable evidence of implementation: proof of  commitment, effectiveness of realization of the standards in practice, and accountability through public reporting of progress.   They specifically note that many have formally adopted policies mirroring the words of key  standards as official policy, especially on human rights and the rights of indigenous peoples but that few actually follow through on the commitment or track and report publicly on progress towards achievement of  responsible mining goals.  RMF is not hesitant to state that. The very low average scores, compared to what was a maximum possible score tell the story  of how far the industry as a whole is from “responsible mining” as the norm.

The following charts and quotes present key findings.  Current “Best Practice” as used by RMF is the scoring for those most exemplary corporate programs for each index component. ( In the report the company name is displayed by user selection of any given bar.)




 “The vast majority of companies have made policy commitments on topics such as business ethics, human rights, occupational health and safety, and environmental impact management. Beyond this, few companies can demonstrate that they have systematically operationalised their commitments into effective actions and fewer still show they are tracking their performance on these issues. In the absence of evidence of such efforts, commitments by themselves might appear as meaningless gestures or simply tick-box exercises.”


“The widespread existence of commitments on human rights is at odds with the fact that violations of human rights (including forced evictions, land grabs and violent attacks on community members) are among the ten most common types of severe impacts identified in the RMI research”.


“At the mine-site level, some of the leading practices on performance tracking and reporting are the direct result of conditions set by an investor or a producing country government. By contrast, few companies show they go beyond compliance to proactively disclose public-interest information, and fewer still take the lead to address emerging concerns, such as the impacts of mining on children, where external interest has been slower to manifest.”


“Only a small proportion of mine sites show evidence of reporting on matters of direct interest to mining-affected communities, workers and other stakeholders. This includes information on how a site performs on local employment, local procurement, grievance, water use and biodiversity impacts. For one-third of the mine sites assessed, no evidence was found of performance reporting on any of these issues. In the absence of publicly reported data, it is more difficult for companies and local stakeholders to develop trust-based relationships or engage in constructive discourse on issues of shared interest.”


“A few companies illustrate the use of open data principles to ensure the reported information is provided in a way that enables users to readily understand it and use it for meaningful assessment and comparison. Adoption of leading practice would ensure that data are disaggregated, provide regular or real-time information, allow change to be seen, allow users to understand the context, and are locally accessible and machine readable. Disclosure of public-interest data in an effective manner can help companies foster more informed engagement with their stakeholders, including governments, investors and civil society.”


While the performance stats are dismal the Responsible Mining Foundation finds in the few outstanding initiatives and the few very high scores n some elements by some companies the affirmation that responsible Mining is possible now everywhere.


“While individual company results still show considerable scope for improvement, the RMI-assessed companies have collectively proven that responsible mining is a realistic goal – it can be done. The RMI 2018 results show that if one company were to attain all the highest scores achieved for every indicator, it would reach over 70% of the maximum achievable score. This implies that existing best practice, if systematically applied by all companies, could already go some way to meeting society expectations.”


Mine Site Analysis Shows Extent of Shortfall On Responsible Mining Practice

The 127 mine sites were selected to represent those in areas with the greatest income disparity, 3 or 4 chosen from each company.  The rating categories are specific to the mine specific analysis and not included in the overall company scores.” These mine-site indicators help to shine a spotlight on how companies tackle some of the most important issues for workers, local people, local environments, and local economies. These indicators also give an indication of how consistently companies apply their policies and practices throughout their operations.”

“ it appears that no single company has an effective systematic corporate-wide approach to mine-site level reporting as none of the 30 companies assessed show consistent reporting across all the indicators and all the mine sites assessed.”

“Three indicators stand out because of the widespread lack of evidence found on performance tracking. These relate to performance of community and workers’ grievance mechanisms and biodiversity management; the vast majority of mine sites show no evidence of tracking the effectiveness of their work on these issues . More broadly though, the results for all six indicators show many sites providing no relevant information. Indeed, for approximately one-third (35%) of the mine sites assessed there was no evidence of any performance reporting on any of the issues. In general, very few companies provide information disaggregated by mine site.”

About lindsaynewlandbowker

Bowker Associates, Science & Research In The Public Interest, is an independent non profit providing self initiated pro bono analysis on key issues with a potential for massive adverse environmental impact . Bowker Associates has been an internationally recognized and cited voice in analysis of the Samarco failure, its consequence, and the possibilties for recovery. In 2017 we partnered with Daveid M. Chambers, a world leader in responsible mining, in our third joint work on the economics of tailings failures. Bowker, L.N.; Chambers, D.M. In the Dark Shadow of the Supercycle Tailings Failure Risk & Public Liability Reach All Time Highs. Environments 2017, 4, 75. A peer reviewed journal published investigation of the cowboy economics of the supercycle and the resulting escalation on the number and magnitude of catastrophic failures. In 2016 we parnered with Dave Chambers in our 2nd joint work together looking at root causes of failures at a conference . Bowker, L.N.; Chambers, D.M. Root Causes of Tailings Management Failures: The Severity of Consequence of Failures Attributed to Overtopping 1915–2015. In Proceedings of the Protections 2016, Fort Collins, CO, USA, 14 June 2016. [Google Scholar] In 2015 Bowker Associates collaborated with geophysicist David M. Chambers to recompile global authoritative accounts of significant TSF failures in recorded history and to analyze these data in the context of global mining economics 1910-2010 ( Risk, Economics and Public Liability of TSF Failures, Bowker/Chambers July 2015) The third annual update of this globally referenced and used compilation was just released at Researchgate. ( In 2014 Bowker Associates commissioned globally respected geophysicist and hydrogeologist Dr. David Chambers to undertake two technical works: (1) development of technical go no go criteria for vetting mine applications tp:// and (2) a case study of Maine's Bald Mountain, an un mined low grade high risk VMS deposit demonstrating the efficacy and accuracy of two risk assessment tools in vetting mine proposals In Maine, Bowker Associates has deeply engaged and been a public voice in the Searsport DCP LPG Tank, The Cianbro proposal for a Private East West Toll Road, JD Irvings rolling pipeline of Bakken crude to its plant in St. John and review of Phase II plans at The Callahan Superfund site in Brooksville, Maine, and Maine's revisitation of mining in statute and regulation... Our only “client”: is always “the pubic interest”. Our model is to focus on only one or two issues at a time so that we have a substantive command of the relevant field as our foundation for ongoing engagement. Our core work is in envirommental risk management, science and technology as well as bringing any available “best practices” models to the fore. The legal and regulatory history/best models are also a major thrust of our work in building and evaluating public policy. Director/Principal Lindsay Newland Bowker, CPCU, ARM is a recognized expert in Environmental Risk Management., Heavy Construction Risk Management and Marine and Transit Risks and has more than 3 decades of engagement in buiding public policy. Appointed by Governor Mario Cuomo to New York State Banking Board (served 1986-1996); President New York Chapter Chartered Property and Casualty Insurers; Environmental Committee, Risk and Insurance Management Society; Director, Convenor/Co-Chair Bermuda Market Briefing "From Captive to Cats" Hamilton Bermuda. Published Articles of Significance The Risk Economics and Public Liability of Tailings Facility Failures, co-authored with David M. Chambers, July 2015 Beyond. Polarization: Superfund Reform in Perspective, Risk & Insurance Managing Risk For Loss Prevention & Cost Control (Jan. 24, 1997). Lead Hazards and Abatement Technologies in Construction: A Risk Management Approach CPCU Journal 1997 Employee Leasing: Liability in Limbo Risk Management June 1 1997 Environmental Audit Privilege and the Public interest Risk & Insurance Managing Risk For Loss Prevention & Cost Control, April 1997 Asbestos:Holes In Abatement Policies Need To Be Plugged, Lloyd’s Environmental Risk International, May 1993 Editor Published Letters Evironmental Risk Management Beware of Facile Policies Like Fetal Protection Business Insurance 1995(?) High Court Review May Increase Sale of Bank Annuities Business Insurances August 8, 1995 Professional Profiles Protecting the Big Apple’s Core Managing Risk For Loss Prevention & Control December 1996 Major Career Highlights First rigorous analysis showing Relationship Between declining ore grades and TSF Failures of increasing consequence ( July 2015) FIrst Documentation that Gentrification Has Same Impacts as Unassisted Displacement from Urban Renewal Sites Direted Court Ordered EIS of FHA Mortgage Scandal Created Nation's First Homeownership Program for Low Income People (SHIP) Created Earliest Geographic Information Systems Using Defense Technology Developed By IBM Designed and Conducted Parallel Census Count to Show Systematic undercount in minority neighborhoods Documented Bias in ISO Territory Rating Plans for Private Passenger Auto Insurance Using ISO's own Rating Techniques Demonstrated Inherent Bias in Mortgage Policies of Banks With Inner City Branches Demonstrated that NY Telephones Plan for Area Code Split To accommodate anticipated cell phone demand was not efficient and would exhaust in 5 years ( which it did) Undertook First Systematic Evaluation of Child Protective Services Caseload Using Multi Variate Analyic Techniques Developed Child Protective Caseload Management and Tracking System (CANTS) and directed implementation in 4 client states including Illinois, Florida and New York Created and Ran Office of Risk Management for NYC DEP the Nations largest Water & Sewer Authority . Designed, Created and Administered Nation's First Owner Controlled Insurance Program (OCIP)for High Risk Tunneling Education Masters NYU Graduate School of Public Administration BSC New School For Social Research Maine Public Schools Deering High School
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